(Thai Boxing/Muay Thai Kickboxing)
Muay Thai is a combat Sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques.This physical and mental discipline which includes combat on shins is known as "the art of eight limbs" because it is characterized by the combined use of fists, elbows, knees, shins, being associated with a good physical preparation that makes a full contact fighter very efficient. Muay Thai, is recognized as a very effective striking base within MMA, and is very widely practiced among mixed martial artists. Muay Thai is referred to as the "Art of Eight Limbs" or the "Science of Eight Limbs", because it makes use of punches, kicks, elbows and knee strikes, thus using eight "points of contact", as opposed to "two points" (fists) in boxing and "four points" (hands and feet) used in other more regulated combat sports, such as kickboxing and savate.
A practitioner of Muay Thai is known as a nak muay. Western practitioners are sometimes called Nak Muay Farang meaning "foreign boxer" Muay Thai is also used as a form of close-combat using your entire body as a weapon. For example, the hands become the sword or the dagger; the shins and forearms are trained to be like armor so you can defend yourself against heavy blows and the elbow is related to a heavy mace or hammer; the legs and knees are the axe or a staff.
Muay Thai has a heavy focus on body conditioning. Muay Thai is specifically designed to promote the level of fitness and toughness required for ring competition. Training regimens include conditioning such as running, shadowboxing, rope jumping, body weight resistance exercises, focus mitts/thai pad drills, abdominal exercises as well as body conditioning.